Boosting Unknown-number Speaker Separation With Transformer Decoder-based Attractor
Authors : Younglo Lee, Shukjae Choi, Byeong-Yeol Kim, Zhong-Qiu Wang, Shinji Watanabe
Conference : ICASSP
Year Published : 2024
Topics : Speech Separation


We propose a novel speech separation model designed to separate mixtures with an unknown number of speakers. The proposed model stacks 1) a dual-path processing block that can model spectrotemporal patterns, 2) a transformer decoder-based attractor (TDA) calculation module that can deal with an unknown number of speakers, and 3) triple-path processing blocks that can model inter-speaker relations. Given a fixed, small set of learned speaker queries and the mixture embedding produced by the dual-path blocks, TDA infers the relations of these queries and generates an attractor vector for each speaker. The estimated attractors are then combined with the mixture embedding by feature-wise linear modulation conditioning, creating a speaker dimension. The mixture embedding, conditioned with speaker information produced by TDA, is fed to the final triple-path blocks, which augment the dual-path blocks with an additional pathway dedicated to inter-speaker processing. The proposed approach outperforms the previous best reported in the literature, achieving 24.0 and 23.7 dB ∆SI-SDR on WSJ0-2 and 3mix respectively, with a single model trained to separate 2-and 3-speaker mixtures. The proposed model also exhibits strong performance and generalizability at counting sources and separating mixtures with up to 5 speakers.